By Paul A. Lombardo
In 1907, Indiana handed the world's first involuntary sterilization legislation in response to the speculation of eugenics. In time, greater than 30 states and a dozen overseas international locations swimsuit. even though the Indiana statute was once later declared unconstitutional, different legislation limiting immigration and regulating marriage on "eugenic" grounds have been nonetheless in influence within the U.S. as overdue because the Seventies. A Century of Eugenics in the US assesses the background of eugenics within the usa and its prestige within the age of the Human Genome undertaking. The essays discover the early help of obligatory sterilization via medical professionals and legislators; the implementation of eugenic schemes in Indiana, Georgia, California, Minnesota, North Carolina, and Alabama; the felony and social demanding situations to sterilization; and the customers for a eugenics move basing its claims on glossy genetic technological know-how.
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Additional resources for A Century of Eugenics in America: From the Indiana Experiment to the Human Genome Era
They lived on the margins of society, paradoxically flouting the obvious benefits of joining the middle class through thrift, industry, and sobriety. He felt that their shiftless behavior evinced an essential degeneracy of character and constitution. McCulloch viewed the Tribe of Ishmael as a parasitic race with a peripatetic lifestyle. The Tribe grew in number because it was supported by the charity of others, rather than its own thrift and industry. The Ishmaelites were inordinately represented on the tax rolls because their chronic penury, exacerbated by winters in economic lean times, left them dependent on public assistance.
Philip R. Reilly, The Surgical Solution: A History of Involuntary Sterilization in the United States (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1991). â•‡ Oscar C. McCulloch, “The Tribe of Ishmael: A Study in Social Degradation,” in Proceedings of the National Conference of Charities and Correction, Held at Buffalo, July 1888 (Indianapolis: Charity Organization Society, Plymouth Church Building, 1888). See also Hugo B. Leaming, “The Ben Ishmael Tribe: A Fugitive Nation of the Old Northwest,” in The Ethnic Frontier, ed.
His last professional post was with the Veterans Hospital in Lyons, New Jersey. As the Nazi sterilization laws became large-scale state policy, Sharp was interviewed about his reactions in a 1937 article in the Journal of Heredity. ”19 S terili z ation after the “ I n dia n a E x perime n t ” Sharp was successful in initiating a movement that eventually led to more than 30 states passing compulsory sterilization laws. Harry Laughlin eventually replaced Sharp as the major advocate for those laws.
A Century of Eugenics in America: From the Indiana Experiment to the Human Genome Era by Paul A. Lombardo