By A. B McKillop
Targeting the concept of Canada's significant scientists, philosophers, and clerics - males comparable to William Dawson and Daniel Wilson, John Watson and W.D. LeSeur, G.M. furnish and Salem Bland - A Disciplined Intelligence starts off via reconstructing the vital strands of highbrow and ethical orthodoxy standard in Anglo-Canadian faculties at the eve of the Darwinian revolution. those contain Scottish logic philosophy and the typical theology of William Paley. The damaging influence of evolutionary rules on that orthodoxy and the foremost exponents of the recent kinds of social evolution - Spencerian and Hegelian alike - are tested intimately. by means of the 20 th century the centre of Anglo-Canadian notion have been remodeled through what had turn into a brand new, evolutionary orthodoxy. The legacy of this victorious highbrow circulation, British idealism, was once sizeable. It helped to ruin Protestant denominationalism, give you the philosophical middle of the social gospel flow, and represent a big strength in the back of the construction of the United Church of Canada. in the course of the 19th century and carrying on with into the 20th, even though, the ethical relevant in Anglo-Canadian concept remained a relentless presence.
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Additional info for A Disciplined Intelligence: Critical Inquiry and Canadian Thought in the Victorian Era
This college is open to all denominations, no religious tests being imposed either on students or Professors," he went on. "34 That education brought power was very evident to Canadian college presidents and teachers,- but this meant little unless the power thus gained was used to carry out the will of God. "Seek the power education confers," Principal Leitch enjoined the students of Queen's in 1860, in order "that you may be fellow-workers with God for the promotion of His glory and the best interest of man.
Nelles, agreed fully, and quoted his Harvard colleague. Nelles also pointed out, for the benefit of his students, some of the symptoms of the dreaded disease. " The antidote to this intellectual anarchy was, for Nelles, clear and independent thinking; and such thinking was above all to be guided by principles derived from religious inspiration. " Eighteenthcentury rationalism had overtly attacked basic Christian doctrines; but the intellectualizing tendency of the nineteenth century, which presumed to offer "what the student so much desires—a rational explanation of facts embodied in the Christian experience," was the more insidious precisely because it was so much less obvious.
It was, instead, "a complex of social aspirations, secular as well as religious, which . . " Moreover, the "democratic intellect" of the Scot, aimed at education, was one which reflected a broad cultural outlook. "3 The second intellectual influence of Scotland upon Canada derived from the cultural aims of Scottish educationists. A distinguishing characteristic of Scottish education was that in contrast with that of England it was broadly humanistic and highly philosophical. Francis Jeffrey, Lord Rector of Glasgow University and editor of the Edinburgh Review, addressed a royal commission in 1826 and defended orthodox Scottish education on the ground that its philosophical nature (accused by the English of being superficial) gave it a cultural value absent in England.
A Disciplined Intelligence: Critical Inquiry and Canadian Thought in the Victorian Era by A. B McKillop