By Tony McEnery, Richard Xiao, Paul Rayson
A Frequency Dictionary of Mandarin Chinese is a useful device for all novices of Mandarin chinese language, supplying a listing of the 5,000 phrases and the 2,000 chinese language characters (simplified) most familiar within the language. in keeping with a fifty-million-word corpus composed of spoken, fiction, non-fiction and information texts in present use, the dictionary presents the consumer with an in depth frequency-based record, in addition to alphabetical and part-of-speech indexes.
All entries within the frequency checklist characteristic the English an identical and a pattern sentence with English translation. The Dictionary additionally comprises thirty thematically geared up lists of usually used phrases on a number of subject matters reminiscent of nutrients, climate, go back and forth and time expressions.
A Frequency Dictionary of Mandarin Chinese allows scholars of all degrees to maximise their learn of Mandarin vocabulary in an effective and interesting method. it's also a very good source for lecturers of the language.
A CD model is obtainable to buy individually. Designed to be used by way of corpus and computational linguists it presents the entire textual content in a layout that researchers can strategy and switch into compatible lists for his or her personal study work.
Read or Download A Frequency Dictionary of Mandarin Chinese: Core Vocabulary for Learners (Routledge Frequency Dictionaries) PDF
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Additional info for A Frequency Dictionary of Mandarin Chinese: Core Vocabulary for Learners (Routledge Frequency Dictionaries)
Bombing as a means of getting a population to surrender was counter-productive. There are no figures for the total number of Chinese killed by bombs, but given that bombing went on until late in the war, the figure must be in the hundreds of thousands. The damage to infrastructure from bombing was tremendous. Bridges, roads, and railways were obvious military targets, and many of them were bombed. But so was much of China’s new educational system. In less than six months from July 1937, dozens of universities and colleges were bombed.
23 The treatment of wounded soldiers was horrible and continued to be so throughout the war; being wounded was usually a death sentence. In areas on the front lines, missionaries provided sanctuary to local people as Japanese troops occupied cities and towns. Some missionaries saw 1937 and 1938 as the high point of their life in China, the most demanding but the most rewarding. Missionaries throughout the occupied areas made heroic efforts to save local people – and felt that they belonged to their communities.
People who were away from home when the invasion came found that they were cut off from home. Hsing Fu-ying was away from home in 1937, at school in Tianjin, four hours by train from his home in Jinan. His school was evacuated to Sichuan. He joined the army after leaving school. He was sent to Taiwan at the end of the war and spent the rest of his life there. He never went home. The invasion brought a lifelong separation from his family. Overseas Chinese endured similar unexpected separations. Those who were back in China on visits at the start of the war got stuck there and had to stay for the duration of the war, whereas the war prevented visits from those abroad to the families in the emigration districts (qiaoxiang).
A Frequency Dictionary of Mandarin Chinese: Core Vocabulary for Learners (Routledge Frequency Dictionaries) by Tony McEnery, Richard Xiao, Paul Rayson