By Mamadou Dia
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Extra info for A governance approach to civil service reform in Sub-Saharan Africa, Volumes 23-225
Page 13 Lack of Accountability As demonstrated by the Zaire case, among others, the pre-eminence of the one-party system and its dominance over the executive, legislative and judicial bodies undermined accountability. e. the administration). Furthermore, there were few other institutions or fora for citizens to express their views collectively or individually on public issuesfew interest groups or independent research institutions. "10 While there are many different kinds of institutions which can enhance accountability, three of the most widely-used in different cultures are legislatures, interest groups and the mass media.
All rights reserved Manufactured in the United States of America First printing October 1993 Second printing January 1996 Technical Papers are published to communicate the results of the Bank's work to the development community with the least possible delay. The typescript of this paper therefore has not been prepared in accordance with the procedures appropriate to formal printed texts, and the World Bank accepts no responsibility for errors. The findings, interpretations, and conclusions expressed in this paper are entirely those of the author(s) and should not be attributed in any manner to the World Bank, to its affiliated organizations, or to members of its Board of Executive Directors or the countries they represent.
Given the high political and social cost of these mandatory retrenchments, some governments have used functional audits and competency exams to provide a rational basis for the program. However, in some countries like Guinea, the exam process itself became the target of attack. Critics claimed that they relied on "psycho-technical" and other testing techniques that do not reflect the local cultural context. " This category was to consist exclusively of persons who had done well enough in the exam to be retained, but who were redundant, and were supposed to find another position within six months.
A governance approach to civil service reform in Sub-Saharan Africa, Volumes 23-225 by Mamadou Dia