Download e-book for iPad: A Natural Experiment on Electoral Law Reform: Evaluating the by Daniela Giannetti, Bernard Grofman

By Daniela Giannetti, Bernard Grofman

ISBN-10: 1441972277

ISBN-13: 9781441972279

ISBN-10: 1441972285

ISBN-13: 9781441972286

In the early Nineties, significant electoral reforms came about in either Italy and Japan; each one changed a sort of “proportional illustration” (in which electorate solid a poll for a celebration record) with a “mixed member” procedure (in which citizens forged ballots for person applicants and occasion lists). The reforms have been enacted by means of political elites within the context of divisions in the dominant celebration, altering styles of celebration help, and occasion splits, in efforts to preserve strength whereas responding to fees of corruption, clientelism, and shortage of responsibility. The studies of either international locations offer a laboratory during which to enquire the results and implications of the reforms, and, extra greatly to investigate voter habit within the context of institutional switch. The advent offers an outline of post-WWII politics and electoral reform in Italy and Japan. In all of the next 4 chapters, experts in Italian and jap electoral politics are teamed as much as overview information either prior to and after the reforms. inside this comparative framework, the authors discover such themes as alterations in occasion festival, candidate choice mechanisms, and intra-party politics. The concluding bankruptcy considers the longer-term consequences—both expected and unanticipated—of the reforms. regardless of superficially related stipulations, the results within the nations have been dramatically diverse: in Japan, the recent process has taken carry, with minor ameliorations, whereas in Italy, there has been a reversion to a proportional illustration approach. because the essays during this quantity exhibit, to appreciate why related reforms had such diverse results within the international locations we needs to research how electoral platforms are embedded in broader institutional and social preparations, and examine the complicated interaction of political geography, political historical past, and the rational calculations of political actors.

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Additional resources for A Natural Experiment on Electoral Law Reform: Evaluating the Long Run Consequences of 1990s Electoral Reform in Italy and Japan

Sample text

But in the long run, as we describe in the following section, a declining rural population eventually weakened the electoral support base of the LDP. The appearance of the Clean Government Party (CGP, the Komeito) and the Democratic Socialist Party (DSP) also encroached on the votes that the LDP and the JSP had once obtained. In the early 1990s, a number of corruption cases involving LDP members caused distrust among voters and culminated in a demand for political reform (Pharr and Putnam 2000).

In part, this decline also stemmed from terminating a coalition with the LDP (1996–2000). From the end of the 1990s, the DPJ replaced the JSP (SDP) as the main opposition party. The DPJ lacks ideological cohesion because many of its 44 D. Giannetti and N. Taniguchi members come from various parts of the political spectrum such as the LDP and JSP. However, such an incoherent political ideology may allow the DPJ to become a catchall party because of its diversity (Scheiner 2006; Steel 2008). The new electoral system was not the only factor that helped the DPJ gain wide support from the public.

Under the MMM system in Japan, the SMD component is more influential than the PR one (Reed and Thies 2001b). In the 2000 and 2003 elections, the LDP was once again successful in gaining about half the seats in the lower house because of (a) support from a new coalition partner, the CGP, and (b) fewer seats were allocated under the PR tier of the election. Furthermore, Junichiro Koizumi, President of the LDP and Prime Minister from 2001 to 2006, enjoyed huge national popularity (Krauss and Pekkanen 2008; Reed et al.

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A Natural Experiment on Electoral Law Reform: Evaluating the Long Run Consequences of 1990s Electoral Reform in Italy and Japan by Daniela Giannetti, Bernard Grofman

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