By Manuel De Landa
Manuel DeLanda is a amazing author, artist and thinker.
In his new ebook, he bargains a desirable examine how the modern international is characterised via a rare social complexity. on account that so much social entities, from small groups to giant geographical regions, may disappear altogether if human minds ceased to exist, Delanda proposes a singular method of social ontology that says the autonomy of social entities from the conceptions we have now of them.
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Additional resources for A New Philosophy of Society: Assemblage Theory and Social Complexity
At this point, however, it is important to clarify their ontological status because the term 'ideal type' seems to suggest essences. But we can eliminate these essences by introducing the diagram of an authority structure. In this space of possibilities there would be three universal singularities defining 'extreme forms' that authority structures can take. The dimensions of the space, that is, the degrees of freedom of an authority structure, would include the degree to which an office or position in a hierarchy is clearly separated from the incumbent - rationallegal forms have the most separation, followed by the traditional and 30 ASSEMBLAGES AGAINST ESSENCES charismatic forms - and the degree to which the activities of the organization are routinized - the charismatic form would have the least degree of routinization, while the other two would be highly routinized.
For example, if the genus in question is 'animal', the method demands that we find specific differences which divide this genus into lower classes: for example, 'two-footed' and 'four-footed' animals. This new level, in turn, can be divided into even lower classes by differences of differences. But here one must be careful, since as Aristotle says, 'it is not proper to say that an animal which has the support of feet, one sort we find with wings and another without them, if one is to express oneself correctly ...
In short, individual and universal singularities, each in its own way, allow the assemblage approach to operate without essences. They also define the proper use of analytical techniques in this approach. While in taxonomic essentialism the role of analysis is purely logical, decomposing a genus into its component species by the successive discovery of necessary differences, for example, in assemblage theory analysis must go beyond logic and involve causal interventions in reality, such as lesions made to an organ within an organism, or the poisoning of enzymes within a cell, followed by observations of the effect on the whole's behaviour.
A New Philosophy of Society: Assemblage Theory and Social Complexity by Manuel De Landa