By Doris A. Fuchs (auth.)
What is the function of presidency in environmental politics and coverage? the reply to this question was once really transparent. govt was once to manage the environmental functionality of country and non-state actors, to set criteria, impose fees, and identify kind of stringent standards of applicable habit. With the expanding visual appeal of the problems of globalization and worldwide governance within the political technological know-how literature, notwithstanding, the focal point has grew to become to the function of non-state actors. educational learn and the preferred debate have pointed out enterprise, non-governmental corporations (NGOs), and civil society as akin to more and more vital and in all likelihood robust actors within the political enviornment. even as, a few observers have proclaimed the impact of presidency to be declining. Others have argued that the function of presidency essentially is altering instead of declining. those that undertake the latter standpoint postulate that the hot position for presidency during this altering political and socio-economic context is to set the framework for motion. during this viewpoint, executive continues to be of primary significance for the functioning of the society, the financial system, and political decision-making, yet its position is assorted in that executive 'merely' offers the institutional framework facilitating wanted outcomes.
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Extra resources for An Institutional Basis for Environmental Stewardship: The Structure and Quality of Property Rights
E. greater divergence in income distributions leads to better environmental quality. For postmaterialism, however, the empirical assessment arrived at promising results. Post-materialist values in society were found to be positively related to environmental quality for five of the six indicators of environmental quality tested, in four of those cases the coefficients were statistically significant. Overall, the only institutional, social, and cultural factors which the empirical analyses showed to be determinative of environmental quality were institutional capacity and post-materialism.
32 Sabatier (1999) himself emphasizes the difference between his approach and the cognitive ones mentioned above, which he finds too vague (p. 11). 33 Recently, Fenger and Klok (1998) have extended Sabatier's model by factoring in the resource dependence of the coalitions. 30 38 Chapter 2 for the respective situation). Various studies have found that differences and the potential for change in these beliefs can explain differences in environmental policy outcomes. Finally, the postmaterialism debate addresses the role of values and beliefs in determining environmental quality as well.
Property rights playa pivotal role in society as they structure the relations between decision-makers with respect to any natural resource. For property rights are defined not as relations between men and things, but rather as the behavioural relations among men that arise from the existence of things and pertain to their use. The prevailing system of property rights assignments in the community is, in effect, the set of economic and social relations defining the position of interacting individuals with respect to the utilization of scare resources (Pejovich, 1975: 40).
An Institutional Basis for Environmental Stewardship: The Structure and Quality of Property Rights by Doris A. Fuchs (auth.)