By Yunzhi Geng
This publication examines intimately the elemental trajectory of the cultural transformation and brings to gentle the extrinsic stipulations and intrinsic mechanisms concerned. It specializes in the interval from after the Opium Wars to the recent tradition move, because the New tradition flow should be thought of a pivotal section within the cultural transformation of modern day China. the hot tradition circulate used to be a innovative eruption brought on through the buildup of the entire new qualitative cultural components because the Opium Wars. Superficially, the movement’s objective looked to be to overthrow the normal tradition. yet in essence its precise goal used to be to behavior an total “screening” of that tradition. The publication elaborates a extensive number of issues during this context, together with: the ideological and cultural evolution following the Opium Wars; the urgent demanding situations confronted by way of “Zhong Ti”; the preliminary shaping of social, public and cultural areas and significant tendencies in ideological and cultural transformation on the finish of the Qing Dynasty; the political disarray and conflicts among the hot and outdated ideology within the first years of the Republic; the increase of the recent tradition stream; and the position of conservatism within the transition to a contemporary culture.
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Additional info for An Introductory Study on China's Cultural Transformation in Recent Times
Their work of compiling stacks of ancient books and discovering, differentiating, and sorting out historical works inevitably stoked advances and improvements in historiography. Many outstanding scholars were enlisted for the work of revising and amending the History of the Ming Dynasty or compiling local annals for various provinces, fu, prefectures, and counties, and the results were of very high standard. The writing of genealogical trees for well-known households and clans and of chronicles for their forbears promoted the development of genealogical skills.
However, he did not proceed wholly from considerations of resisting foreign invaders. He stated: “All that is useful for civil purposes could 8 Zhang Xi: “Talking Points when Visiting the Foreigners”, Opium Wars (5) p. 337 in Collection of Writings on Modern Chinese History, Shanghai People’s Publishing House, 1957. 9 Illustrated Treatises on the Maritime Kingdoms, vol. 2, “Chapter on Maritime Defense,” Complete Works of Wei Yuan, vol. 4, p. 27. ”11 One may well say that Wei Yuan was already aware of the need to develop a modern industry, which also means he had initially recognized the need for capitalist modernization.
Yet great humiliations and great shame often have the effect of arousing the unawakened. At the time when the Qing government was permitting and using foreign soldiery to slaughter Chinese, a scholar-intellectual fled from Suzhou to Shanghai to escape the ravages of war and, with more opportunities for reflection in Shanghai’s somewhat less turbulent surroundings, he started to write. More occasions to observe the workings of Western affairs also triggered in him various thoughts about reform. His name was Feng Guifen (1809–1874), and his Protestations from the Xiaobin Studio was 13 Yi Yin: “Memorial by Prince Gong et al on the Yi Chou day of the 9th Lunar Month of the 6th Year of the Tongzhi Reign on the Overall Management of Affairs Related to Other Countries”, Foreign Affairs in their Entirety (Tongzhi Reign), vol.
An Introductory Study on China's Cultural Transformation in Recent Times by Yunzhi Geng